La revue Viandes et produits carnés

La revue française de la recherche en viandes et produits carnés  ISSN  2555-8560

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 PROCESS ET TECHNOLOGIES

 
 

Presentation and analysis of the lectures from the conference “Can meat have a place in sustainable food?”

This conference was held on the 14th of May, in the Pasteur Institute in Paris. Organized by the CIV (Information Center on Meat), the main topics addressed related to the emergence of the sustainable food concept throughout the French ruminant and meat commodity chains. It also focused on promoting multidisciplinary approaches. One important outcome was the prominence of the variety of possible approaches to meat and livestock sustainability. A second outcome was the identification of scientific criteria across different disciplines which would benefit from consolidation, particularly for the environment. The general conclusions of the lectures were the need to ground societal discussions on sound scientific arguments. For the concept of sustainable food, we need to take into account the unique nature of meat commodity chains.

Social determinants and challenges of the conflicts related to pig farm extension

Among breeding activities, pig production is one of the most strongly involved in the question of social acceptability. Indeed, it often symbolizes for non-agricultural people the inconveniences related to livestock productions. So, pig farm extension projects are more often disputed. A case study of conflicts related to porcine projects in Brittany improves the understanding of this question. It demonstrates that, generally, the conflict is neither expected nor anticipated by the breeder. The opposition is often implemented preventively by local opponents who fear annoyance or harm. This local opposition can then create a stronger mobilization. The conflict often reveals local challenges and particularly failures of the pig-breeder’s social or behavioural position in his living environment. The breeders and their partners must absolutely be able to understand and take into account opponents’ expectations, especially in the local context. It is necessary on the one hand, to make the projects a reality and, on the other hand, to improve the coexistence of agricultural and non-agricultural activities on the territory.

The Charolais cattle breed in Liaoning Province in China

Liaoning is a province in northeast China, it is the first Chinese province that has introduced the Charolais breed for crossbreeding with local breeds. Since 1974, 180 Charolais breeding bulls were imported from France before 1990, then North America (1990-2005) and Australia. The crossing has improved characteristics of local breeds in terms of growth rate, feed efficiency and carcass conformation. A new breed, Liaoyubai was created by the crossbred cattle of the 4th generation. This breed was recognized in 2009 by the Chinese state. The main mission of the Liaoning cattle breeding center is to produce and distribute frozen semen of the Liaoyubai race from 42 selected bulls. Other provinces in northeast China have worked more on crossbreeding with the Simmental breed but now desire Charolais genetics to improve their beef performance. The Liaoning cattle breeding center intends to collaborate with the Sino-French beef production Research and Development center to improve Charolais breed utilization in northeast China.

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