La revue Viandes et produits carnés

La revue française de la recherche en viandes et produits carnés  ISSN  2555-8560




News: Is animalism an anti-humanism?

Both the phenomenon of development of pets (almost considered as being equal to man) and the excesses of intensive breeding have favored the extension of the animalist movement, which sometimes derives towards activism. According to the author, the audience of the animalist movement that has great influence on society and deciders, is prejudicial to the human species. This reasoning shared by many other authors is complemented here by a more controversial position: the concept of “animal welfare”, a subject of many interpretations, would support the animalist cause. The author also reviews other distinctions that are dear to him: we should consider animals and not one animal, we should better balance things between rationality and emotions, between “ethics of conviction” and “ethics of responsibility”, etc. Despite the fact that the author relies on the collective scientific strategy to support his reasoning (and thus to sweep away the received ideas), he does not hesitate to criticize its orientations (concerning in particular the study of animal welfare). While recognizing the need to protect animals, the author takes a position while trying to prove that animalism is contrary to the interest of humanity and therefore anti-humanist. His concluding argument states that the growing force of the animalist movement can be explained by contradictions of human nature and a mixture of science and moral, or emotions and rationality.

Major results of beef production in Australia

Australia has developed for about 20 years the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) grading scheme to predict beef eating quality and hence better satisfy beef consumers. More than 3.1 million cattle were processed through MSA pathways in 2017-18. The cattle presented for MSA grading accounted for 43% of the national adult cattle slaughter and 94.3% of cattle presented for grading met MSA minimum requirements. The Meat Livestock Australia has also developed the MSA index, which indicates an eating quality potential at the whole carcass level. Since 2011, the average MSA Index has increased by roughly 1.5% from 2010-11 to 2016-17 to reach 57.78 in 2017-18. More than 5,000 meat producers became registered to supply livestock through the MSA program, and the average price differential between MSA and non-MSA carcasses from young cattle across all weight ranges (excluding accredited grainfed cattle) was $0.21/kg (and $0.13/kg for cattle that met grainfed accreditation standards). Thus, in the last year, it is estimated that the MSA program delivered an additional AUD$152 million in farm gate returns for beef producers in Australia.

Is there a possibility of meat tenderness protein-biomarkers on the horizon?

Over the years, meat scientists have shown that tenderness is the most important meat quality attribute that determine consumer satisfaction. The challenge of achieving consistency in meat tenderness is a thorn in the industry worldwide. This is mainly due to the amalgamation of many ante and post-mortem factors involved in the tenderisation process. Even though these factors are known and well-studied, there is still a lack of distinct tenderness biomarkers. Up to date, several studies proposed different biomolecules such as proteins as biomarkers for tenderness, but no single biomarker that fulfil the necessary requirements for a tenderness biomarker has been proposed. The lack of tenderness biomarkers is a threat to achieving consistency in meat tenderness grading worldwide.
This article has been translated and updated from « Is there a Possibility of Meat Tenderness Protein-Biomarkers on the Horizon? » published in International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research Volume 6, Issue 3, ISSN (Online) 2319-1473.

How Australia’s red meat industries has adopted eating quality science

In celebration of Meat Standards Australia’s (MSA) 20th anniversary, the 64th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST) ran a special MSA session on Monday August 13th in Melbourne. The program covered the development of MSA through to its role in the modern marketplace and what the future holds for the world’s leading eating quality grading system. Leading researchers and industry practitioners presented a series of short papers, which are summarised below.

An inter-professional approach to co-elaborate a tool for beef cattle and dairy cattle farmers to assess animal welfare

An inter-professional approach for the co-development of a tool for the assessment of animal welfare for beef cattle and dairy cattle farmers
The beef and dairy cattle sectors - through their national organizations INTERBEV and CNIEL – have decided to work on common animal welfare indicators. This system will give breeders a basic tool in order to objectify and guarantee animal welfare and so provide reinsurance to consumers and citizens. Thanks to these tools, dairy cattle and beef cattle breeders will be able to assess their farm system, identify progresses, and reinforce them. This work is based on principles and definitions of OIE (World Organisation for Animal Welfare), and also on technical and scientific skills of steering committee members. Also, an indicators list has been co-constructed, taking into account their relevance and objectivity, for monitoring and improving animal welfare for dairy and beef cattle. It could be used as a diagnosis for breeders and breeding technicians. Considering the bibliography and interviews of breeders, each indicator has been declined as animal or environmental measures (as far as possible). The indicators concern animal comfort, injuries and illnesses, mortality, pain management and reproduction practices, animal feed, environmental conditions and human-animal relationship. This collective reference is totally integrated in the global strategy of dairy and beef cattle sectors, and is supported by consultations with their stakeholders. This system is likely to be improved thanks to new R&D activities. All the results will be used for a global process approach and reinsurance in animal welfare in France, for dairy and beef cattle.

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